Below are the three recent papers from independent vaccine safety and autism researcher Vinu Arumugham et al. You can see more at ResearchGate.net.
Vinu Arumugham; Maxim V Trushin
Increased extra-axial cerebrospinal fluid (EA-CSF) have been observed in imaging studies of infant brains, who go on to develop autism. Folate deficiency can cause defects in neural development that can affect CSF production and drainage. Folate receptor alpha antibodies (FRAA) are observed in 75% of autism patients. Maternal FRAA have also been observed in the case of neural tube defects.
Folate deficiency can cause aluminum accumulation in the brain. Autistic brains have been shown to accumulate aluminum. FRAA in the child or mother can therefore explain all the observations.
Further, autism patients have a higher genetic risk for cancer but have lower cancer rates. Many cancer cells express folate receptor alpha to transport folate required for rapid growth. Once again FRAA in autism can thus explain lower rates of cancer occurrence as FRAA block FRA expressed on cancer cells, affecting folate transport.
A majority of FRAA are of the IgG4 subclass and bind with higher affinity to the bovine folate receptor than the human folate receptor. The human and bovine FR have 90% protein sequence homology.
From allergies and parasite infections we know that IgG4 is the second stage of the immune response. The first stage is IgE against FRA. The US Institute of Medicine concluded that antigens in vaccines do cause IgE mediated sensitization. Many vaccines contain cow’s milk proteins, one of which is the bovine folate receptor protein. Bovine casein and casamino acids used as growth media for vaccine manufacture are derived from cow’s milk.
The solution for vaccine-induced IgE against FRA, is to immediately remove all non-target proteins from all vaccines by using processes such as affinity chromatography.
Correlation of type 1 diabetes trends in European countries to the number of bovine insulin and GAD65 contaminated chick embryo cell culture containing vaccines in the schedule, as predicted by the autoimmunity mechanism involving immunization with homologous xenogeneic antigens and EPIT as a potential treatment
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) affects millions and is a growing problem worldwide. The etiology of T1D is considered to be unknown.
Many vaccines are manufactured using bovine milk derived proteins such as bovine casein and casamino acids as growth media to grow bacteria. These vaccines contain trace quantities of all bovine milk proteins.
Similarly, other vaccines are manufactured using animal cells such as chick embryo cell culture, to grow viruses. These vaccines contain trace quantities of chick embryo proteins.
Such non-target protein content in vaccines are not regulated. No safe levels of such proteins in vaccines have been determined. There are no specifications controlling the amount of such proteins in vaccines. A recent example is the case of Pandemrix induced narcolepsy, where Arepanrix and Pandemrix vaccines made by the same vendor, GSK, at two different facilities, contained differing amounts of H1N1 nucleoproteins thus resulting in a big difference in the incidence of vaccine-induced narcolepsy. The safety claims of such vaccines are based on studies that misinterpret the statistics and have therefore come to the wrong conclusion regarding safety.
Animal proteins have molecular mimicry to human proteins. Therefore immune responses generated against animal proteins can result in cross reaction to human proteins. The result is autoimmune disorders such as type 1 diabetes (T1D).
The trends and cyclical variation of type 1 diabetes incidence in European countries was recently described. The cyclical variation can be explained by the interval between vaccine doses. Positive correlation is shown between the number of milk protein and chick embryo cell culture containing vaccines on the schedule and the rate of increase in T1D.
Injecting food proteins causes the development of food allergies. Vaccines contain numerous food proteins such as peanut, sesame, cow's milk, wheat, corn, gelatin, egg, fish etc. The only option to completely avoid the risk is to avoid vaccines. Avoiding vaccines obviously makes you vulnerable to vaccine preventable diseases (VPD). With current vaccines, you can therefore only attempt to reduce risk of food allergies but cannot completely avoid the risk.
Similar description applies to autism, asthma and autoimmune disorders such as type 1 diabetes. Details of strategies to reduce risk are described.