Many people think depression is feeling bad about a situation. It can be that, but many times, it is a biological happening. A recent study hitting the news noted this about autism:
The study seemed to have many participants but seemed to have a bit of a slant in they asked specifically -- “ particularly in the context of bullying. “
And young adults with autism who were relatively high-functioning -- meaning they did not have intellectual disabilities -- were actually at higher risk of depression than people with more severe forms of autism, British researchers found…...People with autism without intellectual disabilities "may be particularly prone to depression because of greater awareness of their difficulties," the researchers theorized……
….Not all of the increase in risk for depression was caused by genetics, Rai's group added, because people with autism still had double the odds for depression compared to a full sibling who did not have the disorder. That suggests that something other than DNA -- perhaps the stress of living with autism -- may play a role in depression risk…
"Individuals receiving a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder later in life often report long-standing stress in relation to social isolation, bullying, exclusion, and the knowledge they are different ….Peng also believes more research is needed to tease out the experiences and stigmas that may contribute to depression in young people with autism.
Bullying is an important concern and should be discussed more in autism. Adults need to be on the look-out for bullying in children, especially at school, and teaching compassion in the community and in the classroom is imperative. I agree, but looking at the context of depression, it may be important to scratch more below the surface.
Studies are multiplying for years now showing that there is a definite connection to depression and the gut microbiome. Go on Pubmed and you will see hundreds of studies about depression and the microbiome. Type in “autism depression microbiome” and you will see 54 studies and more being done each month. It is THE cutting edge research that is changing the whole paradigm of the DSM :
In attempting to build a scientific psychology, Freud and others within the psychoanalytical school of thought placed a great emphasis on unconscious processes in human psychology….However, until relatively recently, there has been little research integrating the study of the mind and brain with the microbiological study of the bacteria in the human body, especially the gut. The surge of interest in the brain–gut–microbiome axis has been so great that Mayer, Knight, Mazmanian, Cryan, and Tillisch (2014) have described it as nothing less than a paradigm shift in neuroscience; this is clearly an area in which the discipline of psychology could make a substantial contribution.
That may be a nice way of saying-- “Hey Psych docs, get your shit together...and we mean both.” The science of the microbiome is fact and if diet, probiotics, antibiotics, or fecal transplants can treat and cure depression, that is awesome!
Here is research showing some types of gut bacteria responsible for depression:
Add Vitamin D as it is a big positive for the Microbiome:
I’ll leave you with this recent study which is phenomenal on sharing how the gut bacteria can produce the symptoms of depression, as well as autism -- The gut microbiota in neuropsychiatric disorders . Click on “full link study” to the right.
The correlation between gut dysbiosis and development of psychiatric, autoimmune and allergic diseases as well as bidirectional communication between brain and gut microflora have been shown. Recent findings suggest that specific bacteria can be involved in the development of clinical conditions, such as Autism Spectrum Disorders, depression and schizophrenia, and microbiota may be a target for therapeutic intervention providing novel treatment strategies.