In Meet the Yanomami: Magnificent Microbiome and No Autism? Part 1 I hoped to shed some light on what seems to be happening to the Westernized Microbiome.
Here is Part 2.
What This May Mean for the Yanomami and Western Man
Let's go back to that quote: We believe there is something occurring in the environment during the past 30 years that has been driving these diseases, and we think the microbiome could be involved."
Let's add these quotes:
What has happened in the last 30 years that has made us so afraid of these diseases in the U.S.? Why has the vaccine schedule increased so dramatically? The only significant event in the last 30 years that we could find through our research was the passing of the National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act in 1986. This gave way to the Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (VICP) which completely absolves pharmaceutical companies from any legal responsibility for vaccine safety and shifts the burden for compensation payments to the American taxpayers.
Autism rates climbed nearly 30% between 2008 and 2010 and have more than doubled since the turn of the century, according to a new study from the U.S.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The condition is now believed to affect one of every 68 8-year-olds – up from one in 88 just two years earlier. That means virtually every grade in every elementary school has at least one child with autism – a seemingly astonishing rise for a condition that was nearly unheard of a generation ago.
I could conclude here but I needed to find out...why did these people, the Yanomami, have antibiotic resistant genes and what might the future hold for them? In looking at their environment, we know that 1- vaccination of a past generation of tribes occurred and 2- there seems to be a huge issue of MERCURY quite possibly in their lives:
The presence of Brazilian garimpeiros – or wildcat prospectors – in the headwaters of the Ocamo River has been extensively documented since 2009, when several community members were sickened, apparently by mercury poisoning. Mercury is commonly used by miners to separate gold from ore in the field, creating a serious health hazard in wide stretches of the Amazon rainforest.
.,,,Yanomami health is suffering and critical medical care is not reaching them, especially in Venezuela.
The Brazilian congress is currently debating a bill which, if approved, will permit large-scale mining in indigenous territories. This will be extremely harmful to the Yanomami and other remote tribes in Brazil.
Then there is the real possibility of mercury exposure and increased risk for Malaria in the Yanomami:
We have conducted epidemiological and toxicological studies on co-exposures to mercury and infection. Our epidemiological studies are cross-sectional using census-based and convenience sampling methods. Our toxicological studies explored mechanisms using mouse models of malaria and autoimmune disease, as well as in vitro studies of human lymphocytes.
Results. Mercury exposures are related to consumption of piscivorous fish from watersheds impacted by garimpagem, and to working in or living near garimpagem. Many of these populations live in regions with high rates of malaria transmission. In epidemiological studies, we have reported on associations between exposures to mercury and odds of prevalent malaria infection.....
Assessment of mercury exposure and malaria in a Brazilian Amazon riverine community. .... the odds of reporting a past malaria infection was four times higher for those also reporting a history of working with mercury.
That, in itself, seems to be a connection for the Yanomami and very possibly all of us as mercury seems to be connected to increased risk of infection and antibiotic resistance via horizontal transfer of plasmids -- " Exposure to mercury might be a specific driving force for the acquisition and maintenance of mobile antibiotic resistance gene carriage in the absence of antibiotic selective pressure.”
The Future for the Yanomami and Us
We know that mercury has infiltrated the lands of the Yanomami. In an exchange with the lead author, Maria Dominguez-Bello, of the Yanomami study, she was very nice about answering some questions and giving permission for me to report them here:
- Is there any autism among those Yanomami you saw?
- Has anyone thought to test for mercury exposure as there is much research showing that it can cause antibiotic resistance? (Gold mining uses mercury)
- Have the people been vaccinated?
These issues seem very important as the microbiome is researched not only for the Yanomami but for the people here as we see the surge in Westernized diseases and as the research shows, autism is a big one.
Thank you for your questions.
I have not seen autism there, but my sample size is too small... I only visit a handful of villages.The regions I have been working in are isolated from miners, and thus not contaminated -yet-.
Yes, vaccination is being performed, together with programs of eradication of Onchocerciasis and malaria treatments.
I think there is no evidence of association between vaccines and autism, and the paper that claimed that was retracted. Vaccines save so many lives.... people who do not vaccine their kids are taking advantage of protection of others who do and are immunized and act as a shell... this is called herd immunity... but if these kids travel to areas of the world where the diseases occur, they will be at high risk... and we would expect future generations to travel far, easily...
Certainly autism, as any disease rocketing (autoimmune, obesity) must have an environmental or microbiome component... but we do not know yet...
Thanks for your response. I thought there were articles describing gold mining as very prevalent and concerning.
It is possible that exposure to inorganic mercury may be more "autoimmunogenic" than exposure to methylmercury, ...... time spent at the site and in gold mining was positively correlated with likelihood of elevated ANoA. This variable, time spent at the site, may represent length of exposure to both mercury and malaria infection. ......co-exposures to mercury and infectious diseases, including malaria, may set the stage for eliciting discernible alterations in immune function.
Sure... Miners are a huge problem But not in the region I go. The Amazon is big...
Oh, and I'm sorry. I meant to add if the soil had been tested for mercury and any of the people there? Thank you for all your research as it's very interesting!
Not that I know...I don't work on mercury.
Thank you to Maria Dominguez-Bello. I appreciate her permission to print her responses. As we look at these diseases of the Microbiome and the environmental assaults that can alter or damage it, this research on the Yanomami may be critical as we see Westernization enter their lives and their Microbiome. Will the diseases of Western Man soon follow? Will it be the young and the elderly who first succumb to neuropsychiatric and neurodegenerative symptoms? Will Autism appear as mercury exposure increases and vaccinations become the norm?
Teresa Conrick is Contributing Editor to Age of Autism.
Will there be "a wave away from the original point?"