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The Wizard of Extortion: The Pharmaceutical Epidemic and Why the Judge Rotenberg “School of Shock” Endures

Wizard of Extortion Judge Rotenberg Center-Matthew Israel  Adriana GamondesBy Adriana Gamondes

On Febrary 22th, 2013, Office of Council member Vincent Gentile issued a press release calling for the removal of all New York students of the Judge Rotenberg Center in Canton, Massachusetts.

Councilman Gentile is no doubt serious in his campaign to pull New York students and funds from the Judge Rotenberg Center and sincere in his outrage at the school’s aversive and dangerous practices.  The following is not meant to express cynicism towards this particular effort and it would be a certain victory for human rights if this campaign succeeded where others have failed. Most have probably noticed by now that, despite repeat major media exposés, clusters of blog criticism, ineffectual clicktivism and even a request filed with the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Torture in 2010 to protest human rights violations, the Judge Rotenberg Center has weathered most storms.

But if the Rotenberg Center didn’t exist, what would the people and organizations instrumental to sustaining the epidemics of childhood developmental disorders and chronic disease moralize about in order to prove they don’t always defend institutional policies? What would those who profit by and suppress constructive solutions for these epidemics point to in order to comparatively diminish how their actions contribute to disaster and the mounting toll of failing health and mortality among American children?

As an estimated three or more individuals with special needs are killed every week in US schools and institutions due to abusive practices; as the news reports more and more children with autism arrested in schools, brutalized by police, denied organ transplants, found face down in ponds and subjected to a lottery for services; and as disability services around the country are trimmed to the bone; as the US drops to #49 on the world infant mortality index; as 1 in 8 children of Somali immigrants in Minnesota are diagnosed with autism and the national rate soars beyond the official 1 in 88;  as toddlers are drugged with increasing frequency; as the vaccine schedule continues to expand and the drum beat of denial over a host of potential environmental causes  and co-factors involved in the rise in disability in the US grows louder, in terms of the mainstream mismanagement of what may be one of the worst medical disasters in history, to be the “leper with the most fingers,” you might have to find another “leper” with stumps in place of arms.

That bar is kept low as long as the JRC exists. To be a champion of children’s rights and a hero for the disabled, all any mouthpiece has to do is criticize the Rotenberg Center.  Meanwhile Matthew Israel, the center’s founder, smiles the wistful, knowing smile of the contracted fall-guy and extortionist. And the center—founded in 1971 and renamed for the judge who defended the institution against the first wave of attacks on it the year the autism epidemic was launched and the year Prozac was first marketed—has endured all the while.

The low-cost way to explain the mystery of the JRC’s endurance: whenever the next crusader in a long line of crusading bureaucrats attempts to shut down the “school of shock,” a handful of parents of the center’s students go up into arms and protest that the Rotenberg Center provided the only therapy that stopped their children from injuring themselves or others, from smearing feces on every surface or otherwise acting like crazed animals.

This explanation is favored by both those who defend the institution and those who want to be perceived as protesting it alike. But even those who genuinely protest the center’s practices are either blind to the machinery which has sustained the institution for so many decades or loathe to commit the politically suicidal act of addressing it. The latter are probably the most hypocritical if they grub for humanitarian “creds” while still performing the table-cloth trick of leaving in place the factors which feed the school.  But even the sincere may eventually throw up their hands as they start stumbling over the skeletons pouring out of every dark “closet” that surrounds the issues of disability and institutional abuse in the US. At least in the past, official demands for long term research on outcomes for the JRC’s specific practices have tended to fade to whispers over and over again.  

Sadly, the airing of the now infamous JRC torture video and the perpetual wilting of each round of public outrage in the press might be used as a kind of litmus test or even public inculcation exercise: if the public sees the video and reads of the campaigns to close JRC and the center is not closed forthwith this time, this can be bureaucratically interpreted as a sign the public tacitly approves and will allow it. 

But even if current campaigns finally succeed, the Rotenberg Center is a hydra: closing the center without investigating the real reasons it’s endured cuts off only one head. The same abusive practices will crop up, even if by stealth, in other institutions. Again, why?

Ask founder Matthew Israel, who penned the JRC’s public apologia in reply to the U.N. Special Rapporteur on Torture. The answer is there if one reads past the most frequently cited quote in the document: “Under state and federal law, non-disabled individuals have the right to choose aversive therapy to treat behavioral problems such as smoking and drinking. Preventing disabled persons from the opportunity to avail themselves of aversive therapy for their own behavior problems, would be an invidious discrimination against disabled persons.” 

Instead, the central clue about the center’s endurance may be found within the title of Israel’s response— one that outraged mainstream disability advocacy groups never quote: “Behavior skin shock saves individuals with severe behavior disorders from a life of seclusion, restraint and/or warehousing and the ravages of psychotropic drugs.”  

In his book, Nuclear Rites, Stanford anthropologist Hugh Gusterson documents his cultural study of atomic weapons scientists in light of epic disasters and nuclear proliferation in the 20th century and makes the point that, in order to fully understand destructive decision making in certain fields of science, it’s important to go beyond black and white/good and evil analyses of human motivation. Instead, Gusterson argues, it’s critical to inspect the rationalizations of the individuals making disastrous decisions and regard the problems they’re charged with solving.

The idea that skin shock “saves” individuals with self-destructive or violent behavior from a worse fate is obviously disputable.  Dr. Jonathan Tarbox, Director of Research and Development at the Center for Autism and Related Disorders, argues for a different approach.  But what’s not disputable is that the “salvation” argument is Israel’s and like-minded behaviorists’ rationalization and that the conditions of many children before they’re routed to JRC are often horrific.  A “before and after” video put out by the Judge Rotenberg Center which attempts to demonstrate the benefits of the JRC program actually tells us very little of scientific or clinical value because there’s no data on what caused the “before” and therefore only skewed information on what produced the “after” effects for a series of self-injuring and violent students who are then shown to have—at least for the duration of these short clips—less agonized behavior.

The first question is what may have caused these severe disabilities in the first place? Genes or environment? Secondly, what environmental factors were these individuals exposed to over the course of their lifetimes? What if any drugs were they given and at what age?  What are the known side effects of these drug cocktails? What medical investigations have been made (or neglected) which might explain sources of pain and that might in turn drive an individual to “distract” their nervous systems with self-induced pain? What might explain the seemingly effortless ability of some disabled children to “ruminate” (vomit) at will?  Were any of these co-existing behaviors and symptoms caused or exacerbated by environmental factors or medications? Were consistent positive behavioral supports available to these children from the first signs of behavioral disturbances?  Did parents have wraparound help at home in consistently applying positive behavioral supports? Were these children mismanaged or abused in school settings? Were they warehoused? And how much of the improvements  shown in these video clips could simply be due to removing drugs with black box warnings for violence, suicide and known painful and maddening side effects like tardive dyskinesia, nervous system inflammation, akathisia or gastrointestinal damage?

The video clips do nothing to answer any of these questions, though the links provided in the “leper” scenario above can to a certain extent:  Disability is rising in the US and therefore must have environmental components. The rise in disability must have some overlaps with the general worsening of children’s health in the US. Most disabled children do not receive consistent positive behavioral supports and families receive little if any help at home to implement them.  The increasing number of reports of abuse of the disabled in public schools and private institutions is terrifying and individuals with cognitive disabilities are drugged at an alarming rate. 

But again, even if the JRC’s clips say little about cause, they do say a great deal about the rationalizations of behavioral specialists who would subject disabled individuals to “aversive behavior modifications” which, under many international accords, would be regarded as torture.  The clips also explain a great deal about the rationalizations of the judicial system in allowing the school to exist.   

The Judge Rotenberg Center boasts that the school doesn’t employ prescription behavioral drugs. This is only one of many hints that the center is the “Last Chance Texaco” for a considerable number of children with a variety of behavioral disorders (increasingly autism) who are so over-medicated and chemically addled that no other institution will take them and even one more pill might kill them.  As the rate of autism among JRC students has risen with the general rate in the U.S., this is of increasing statistical significance since autism is the most “medicated” condition (representing roughly 7% of a $40 billion dollar psychotropic drug market), with a reported 56% drugging rate.

The survey, the first of its kind by the National Institute of Mental Health, found that 56 percent of autistic children, age 6 to 17, were on one or more medications used to treat disorders such as anxiety, depression, psychosis or hyperactivity. Also known as autism spectrum disorder, the condition affects about 1 in 88 children in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and was considered a rare diagnosis before 1980.

The body of evidence linking various behavioral drugs to violent and self-destructive behavior among children in general is growing as well. And the degree to which institutional and social responses to this increase in disruptive and frightening behavior among today’s heavily medicated youth and especially heavily medicated disabled populations remain uninformed of the association may also be the degree to which those responses will be punitive, abusive and deadly. The rising use of abusive restraint and seclusion practices in typical education settings and the trauma and consequent worsening behavior they induce has a certain see-saw relationship to the increased use in drugs in this sense. But while Matthew Israel has openly criticized the use of psychopharmaceutical drugs, like Halliburton decrying, for example, the ravages of Katrina or the BP disaster, how sincere is any disaster capitalist in bemoaning the problems they profit from “solving”?

The fact that Dr. Israel may be quite frank about why the center exists for the most part doesn’t necessarily make him a sympathetic figure.  It may simply be that the degree to which public health establishments engage in revolving door employment policies and receive various forms of funding from the very industries which may be largely responsible for both the galloping rates of disability and chronic disease in the US and for exploiting these health disasters may be the degree to which the judicial system and regulatory oversight refuse to knock on certain doors. And if pushed, Dr. Israel will easily open one of those doors, pick up a handful of bones and wave them around because, at least to date, this has shut down inquiries in a heartbeat.     

To further illustrate the secret of JRC’s longevity,  their website contains a Massachusetts Family Court “amended behavior modification treatment plan” documenting the proposed transfer of “XXXX,”a teenager with autism, from the New England Center for Children to the JRC.

XXXX appeared to have gone from public school “autism classrooms” to psychiatric institutionalization, had—as is typical— been drugged from a young age and suffered side effects from Ritalin, Clonidine, Haldol, Mellaril, Depakote, Dexadrine and Corgard before being transferred to the NECC at roughly age nine.

The New England Center for Children  claims that it employs “positive behavioral strategies” and insists its practices constitute Applied Behavioral Analysis, though as many experienced autism parents know, the value of ABA largely hinges on the way it’s applied and by whom. Consistent application of positive behavioral supports within the practice of ABA have been shown—for those families who can even afford a therapy which is generally not covered by insurance or supplied with any consistency in schools —to ameliorate many of the most destructive behaviors associated with autism.  But as a science, ABA is morally neutral and the ethics in applying it can vary. Unfortunately, much of what is called “ABA” is, according to one specialist who spoke off the record, “not ABA but mad science.”  Interspersed among the “positive behavioral strategies” that NECC used on XXXX, for example, NECC staff employed up to ten “restraint holds” a day and placed XXXX in seclusion for 8 hour periods during the school day in a bare room.  When XXXX’s behavior continued to worsen, the NECC placed the boy on additional drugs like Risperdal, Tegratol, Trazadone, and Benedryl.

The JRC’s website also includes several parent testimonies which tell virtually the same story—failed interventions leading to transfers to JRC— though references to prescription drug use aren’t included. In any event, when regimens of Skittles, allergenic diet, restraint and drugs at typical institutional schools that reportedly employ “positive strategies” for behavioral modification fail, the rejects are sometimes routed to the JRC. 

Despite the documented success of the “autism diet” in improving behavior in many cases, the NECC of Southborough, Massachusetts, sponsored in part by Dunkin’ Donuts, has reportedly demanded that parents of prospective students agree not to employ special dietary restrictions (e.g., gluten-free/dairy-free/soy-free). Though it’s difficult to get direct confirmation of any such dietary contract, the school’s views on vaccination are clear even as questions regarding the link between vaccines, environmental toxins and autism remain unsettled. Regardless, NECC’s founder and executive director, Vincent Strully, has been very vocal in arguing the lack of association between autism and childhood immunizations, has never invited discussion of other potential environmental factors and offered the closing nay-say on the vaccine link in a 2007 news article on a recovered child.  

More and more kids are recovering from autism, according Wendy Fournier, president of National Autism Association, a parent-run advocacy organization located in Missouri.

"Doctors are realizing it's medically based. If you treat them medically - treat them with what's going on in the body, they get better," she said. "The problem is the medical community looks at them like they have some incurable mental illness. Autism is thought of as a mysterious mental illness."

But Vincent Strully Jr., chief executive officer and founder of The New England Center for Children in Southborough, said he has not seen any credible evidence that there is a cure for autism.

"To my knowledge, I don't know of any qualified medical or psychological professional who said there is a cure," said Strully. "It's widely accepted there is no cure. While anything is possible, you have to see real evidence in public journals."

Strully, who has a business background, also provided the scientific vaccine defense for an NECN special report on the 2009 “vaccine court” ruling:   

Money was spent to continue to look at vaccination even after the research was conclusive, to the point where The New England Journal of Medicine begged people to stop spending time on this, that I was clear that there was no relationship between the vaccine and the rates of autism.

Harry Tembenis, a parent in the above report, openly contradicted Strully’s “lack of association” claims and went on to be awarded compensation from “vaccine court” for the autism and seizure-related death of his son, Elias Tembenis

Strully also defended his behavioral treatment turf by disparaging non-psychopharmaceutical medical treatments for autism in a piece for Web MD:  

"People are faced with a raft of alternative treatments that have no merit," Vincent Strully Jr., the NECC's founder and executive director, tells WebMD. He counts special diets, secretin treatment, and mercury detoxification among those.

And before the explosion of public protests over the use of “scream rooms” on disabled children and the GAO report of death and trauma to students placed in seclusion, NECC seemed proud of using seclusion in 2007:

When a particular student acts up, Amy Giles sometimes places the girl in a tiny, windowless room and closes the door. Then Giles stands outside the closet-like chamber, waiting patiently until the child settles down.

If it were another child, it might seem cruel. But Giles, a Westborough resident, is probably that student's best chance for a quality education. Giles teaches at the New England Center for Children on Route 9 in Southborough, a school that is at the forefront of educating children with autism, a neurological disorder that dramatically inhibits the way a child learns.


NECC is hardly the only institution which may be “feeding” the JRC with treatment collateral, but there’s a certain emblematic resonance in the fact that, in 2007, the NECC signed an agreement with health authorities in Abu Dhabi, the capital of the United Arab Emirates, to start a program for autism following a steep hike in the region.

Since the UAE, with the support of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, seems to be in the process of adopting something similar to the U.S. vaccine schedule and possibly the autism rate to go with it (not to mention the corresponding obfuscations: Abu Dhabi’s state-controlled media company coproduced Steven Soderbergh’s Contagion),  it’s only natural that they would start to adopt our approaches to managing the epidemic as well.

If the U.A.E. is bringing in a contradictory treatment regimen of rewards, restraint and drugs, they may also need an “Abu Dhabi JRC” to catch the runoff of failed cases. Matthew Israel could  consult for the construction of a new “therapy” wing in one of the U.A.E.’s secret prisons which the U.S. government has admitted to using in cases of extraordinary rendition.  The operations could be extremely cost effective if the U.A.E. continues the practice of stripping migrant workers of their passports to create indentured labor. And the public would be unlikely to complain about therapy gone awry on pain of being “disappeared” to the prisons’ less “therapeutic” wings.      

One of the weirder features of the Judge Rotenberg Center “school of shock” is the 80’s-Vegas-style Wizard of Oz themed “rewards” wing—complete with animatronics characters from the film— proudly displayed in a photo tour on the JRC’s website.

The boiled-down moral of the Wizard of Oz—the story of how problems tend to repeat and expand from one realm to another until the sources of trouble are faced (and then either crushed or doused)— is that Dorothy never needed the Wizard to get home in the first place. But middlemen tend to carve out niches for themselves and Matthew Israel, who was forced to step down as the JRC’s director as a half-measure concession, has been the ultimate middleman behind the curtain and his “vision” for the institution lives on. Without the epidemic and without drugs with black box warnings for violence and self-harm to which more than half of children with autism and so many disabled are exposed—and without the massive increase in institutional abuse and dual trauma that has come in tow—the JRC might not have survived so many rounds of public outrage and judicial review.  

The Wizard of Oz narrative contains all the major themes which could explain the JRC’s continuing existence: assault, sedation and, to stretch the shoe-zap analogy, shock.

Adriana Rotenberg Oz

Dorothy probably didn’t need the ruby slippers either—but Glenda needed a patsy. So the alternative message of Oz is that adults—even those posing as helpers— will exploit children and put them at risk for their own agendas. And that about sums up the Judge Rotenberg Center, which is seems to be perpetually the center of a “gale storm of controversy” which, to date, has never blown hard enough to flatten the school or douse the most “beautiful evil” of all: America’s corrupt and broken public health and institutional establishments.  

Adriana Gamondes is Contributing Editor to Age of Autism.


Jeannette Bishop

It looks like JRC is getting global attention:


Angus Files

I think if you are being shocked you will admit and do anything to stop the pain. Having never received it..I wouldn`t know. Not rocket science...pack of animals for sure. Depravity led by depravity..


Jim, Angus, Elizabeth, Jeannette and all-- thank you for the insights and historical perspective. Also that example of lived experience. Due to settlement gag orders, victim blaming, court doc impounding, etc. that's mostly lacking in coverage of these atrocities.


Has Matthew Israel ever said how many disabled individuals CHOOSE aversive therapy for themselves? How many of them have signed consent forms?

How many of the self-injurious patients have had thorough physicals with complete lab workups? How would anyone ever learn what undiscovered physical condition is truly at the root of these patients' disorders?

Why would Vincent Strully Jr. tacitly discourage biomedical treatment for autism simply because medical literature hasn't caught up with cutting-edge research, or because treatment is no guarantee of cure?

Electroshock as aversive treatment is part Calvinism, part voodoo, and before applied to patients should first be applied to the button-pusher.


A good friend of mine received "shock therapy" in 1979 when he was living in New Zealand and he was only 13 yrs old.

I shared accommodation with him, when he was 19 yrs old and living here in Australia,

He was then addicted to anti-depressants and various pain- killer drugs. He was verging on an alcoholic; he drank to suppress his memories, however the alcohol always seemed to make him talk about the horrendous years he endured in the institution. In his drunken stupor he would break down and cry and ask, "why did they [Institution] do this to me?"

We have to consider the long-term effects it has on people. I lost contact with him 20 yrs ago and I often wonder how he is doing.

These institutes and the individuals involved should be accountable for wreaking peoples lives!

Elizabeth Gillespie

Angus Files

To all I watched this today and thought well you know they give the same treatment back home in the USA..and the UK is involved also through Douglas Brand who has a past when he was kidnapped many years ago and traded off back to the Uk ..

As you say under the guise of helping..

James Steele: America's mystery man in Iraq - video


Jim Thompson

“In 1960 Hans Sedlmeier returned from Asuncion, Paraguay with a statement from [Josef] Mengele that said, "I personally have not killed, injured or caused bodily harm to anyone." Mengele repeatedly insisted that he had not committed any crime, and that instead he had become a victim of a great injustice.” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Josef_Mengele


Jeannette-- "genetic," "God's punishment," "fate." Probably little difference in these pronouncements (whether intended as 'scientific' or religious) in terms of arrogance, particularly when misapplied.


Angus-- greed, social position, yes, but Gusterson's work was so interesting in that he also regards ideology, romanticization of technology (or approach, or theory, etc.) and the need for some to regard themselves as "heroes" and "saviors." Not just sell themselves as such but to believe it. I don't believe Gusterson was pulling a punch in his criticisms because some of the most horrific acts in history have been done under the aegis and veil of "helping." And it's so much worse when the perpetrators regard themselves as benevolent. For some perspective, statistically most rapists actually believe they're offering their victims "love."

Angus Files

Jeannette Bishop

And as we agree profit drives this...nothing to do about the illness..all to do about the money ..the social standing ..the bling


Jeannette Bishop

Institutionalization without intention to seek real treatment or healing of mental illness is rooted in eugenic policies. An assumption of inherent defectiveness manifested by mental illness--the assumption preexisted the word "genetic"--that conveniently precludes iatrogenic considerations still serves some too well.

Angus Files


I agree 100% and we are animal friendly ... its like living in a petshop living with us ..but I am so sick of seeing the torture of animals when we know the likes of above ..and worse.. is going on....and we the Autism,Aspergers,you name it are not allowed to put the same pictures of cruelty in the same place as animal charities do....just one of my probs...


Paul S

Hey, how's about a fully funded study to be performed by an independent qualified group to search for and determine what is the cause for our children to fade into the world of autism!
Then we could stop damaging more children by avoiding the cause(s) and logically develop the means to reverse the condition in those already damaged..


Someone mentioned that the recent ASPCA animal welfare drive broke records for fund raising by showing sad and awful images of suffering animals. Animals are simple, easy to mourn and it's easy to vilify anyone who abuses them. It's pretty meaningless in the end though since they're also easy to kill, skin and to eat.

But when it comes to what humans do to other humans? Too real, too complex and too close to home, yes. It's not so easy to go "boo hoo" and then do nothing to inspect or solve the problems. The taste of bystander hypocrisy keeps coming up like a bad meal. Better not to look at all.

Angus Files


Just the greed for money and social position feeds it so far as I can see...Nightmare for the kids and adults who are treated to this...I see pictures of Bears chained to poles in a very sorry state and the said charity asking for donations to stop it...

but you will never, ever ,see a picture of a kid as above in the same advertising space as a bear or a dog or whereever at the front of a Bus chained to a bed and being tortured by fellow human beings and a charity asking for money ...to real for some..I suppose



I wish citing the golden rule was "enough said" but it hasn't been for thirty long years. When a blight like this endures for so long in the face of so much controversy, it may be necessary to dig down to the roots and figure out what's feeding it.

Angus Files

How that can help anyone never mind Autism is beyond me ..we all know the brain works with electric signals but it is no more than 12 volts......I do hope they get a taste of the treatment they ar putting on our boys and girls...




This school is a disgusting institution and anyone who works there should be ashamed of themselves. Has anyone there ever heard of something as simple as the golden rule? Would they accept this barbaric treatment for themselves or their children. Enough said. Contemptible.



"I believe neither "treatment" forms [drugs and shock] would appear justified if causes and biological mechanisms were identified, or acknowledged, and addressed."

So true and so awful. And this is where I think so many fired-up crusaders run smack into the cover-up and disaster capitalism, find they can go no further without risking their careers or standing and skulk away from the fight.

Yes, the WHO studies showed a dramatic reversal of recovery from severe schizophrenia: Over 60% would recover with no medication but only 15% who are medicated would functionally recover. And because of current drugging rates, I don't think most westerners are even aware that, once upon a time in the less-drugged third world, schizophrenia was known as a condition that would mostly abate completely on its own. With what we're now learning via autism regarding certain overlaps with schizophrenia-- like toxic inflammation and immune system damage, opiation, allergens and leaky gut-- in a better world, the recovery rate for "classic schizophrenia" (not including the "new" forms caused by the drugs themselves which may require a whole new science to reverse if simply removing the drugs does not) might be even higher with just detox, diet and immune system supports. But not in this industry-controlled earthly realm and not ay time soon.

I think some would just like the high profile symbol of Rotenberg to go away because it partly demonstrates the current prevalence of severe disability in the US and is a window into what the system will allow. Those same crusaders may turn a blind eye when the same "aversives" or worse crop up in institutions all over the country because the system refuses to undo the environmental damage which isn't acknowledged and torture is the politically and financially cheaper way to manage "public health collateral" short of simply killing them (to put it bluntly).


John, you have a point about one of the hazards of trying to illustrate human ethical flexibility in science: one scientist's warnings about human frailty is another's exciting opportunity to exploit it. And, Behaviorism 101, once lackeys have been inculcated into performing the vile acts, rationalization kicks in, they become invested and keep throwing good money after bad.

The really tragic thing is that any institution which openly declares a goal of taking children off drugs to improve behavior and save them from side effects will be relentlessly attacked by public health authorities and regulators. Only if the element of torture is added and the prescription-detox element obscured will it be protected (like JRC has been). There are only a handful of drug-free mental health clinics in existence and all are forced to be day programs only (when so many drug-injured individuals need in-patient care initially) because they're stripped of funding and insurance won't cover. The founder of one threateningly successful drug-free mental health clinic for children in CA was driven into an early grave by constant spurious complaints to regulators lodged by industry front groups.

Jeannette Bishop

If I understand correctly, at least some of the early anti-psychotics were attempts to duplicate the effects of electric shock therapy, which caused at best a temporary docility in patients through a euphoric reaction to the neurological damage. It's also not very assuring that later anti-psychotics were essentially tested against these drugs or against patients in withdrawal from these drugs to "establish" their believed level of "effectiveness." The long-term evidence hasn't had much sway in influencing the use or abandonment of these treatments. The fact that countries without access to pharmaceuticals had better outcomes in recovery from schizophrenia for example hasn't reduce prescription anti-psychotic use here. The opposite has occurred. This is the history of an industry that scoffs at "alternative" therapies, touting "evidence-based" practices over "anecdote."

I believe neither "treatment" forms would appear justified if causes and biological mechanisms were identified, or acknowledged, and addressed.

John Stone

Hi Adriana,

Of course, the school wasn't founded all that many years after the famous Milgram experiment:


which, of course, demonstrated how easy it was to co-opt people into performing vile acts for some alleged benefit, in fact involving electric shocks. The fantasy of benefit from electric shocks at the Rottenburg centre could be based on the Milgram deception, but of course so could the vaccine programme.

You sometimes wonder whether Milgram who intended to warn about barbarity actually ended up educating a generation of the wrong people in it. In this case there is little doubt that the asylum is run by the criminally insane.


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