Report: Insel Should be Fired from Autism Research Panel
Age of Autism Science Summary: Anxiety, Sensory Over-Responsivity, and Gastrointestinal Problems in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders.

Possible Explanations Behind The Autistic Struggle to Understand Social Skills

Inside scoopBy James Williams

Of the many issues that autistic people face that impact their daily lives, probably the one category of issues that impacts them the most are social issues. The inability to easily make friends, follow the social rules that govern our society, and have enough social sense to navigate the different institutions in our world greatly impact an autistic person’s ability to succeed in life, and impacts their quality of life heavily.

At the same time, those social rules differ highly in different social settings, and in different cultures, societies, and communities. Although differences exist between neurotypical people and autistic people all over the world, virtually every person is born into a culture, society, family, community, and country. Each person grows up within that family and community, and hopefully develops strong social ties within that community and gains acceptance in their family. I was born in the United States of America, in New York City, and my family moved to the Chicago suburbs when I was three, where I grew up. Those areas have social norms and customs that I had to learn in order to become a part of those communities.

At the same time, there can be different norms even among people of the same culture and country—when I traveled to East Texas on a speaking tour, I was immediately notified by the person who organized my presentations that I would be expected to abide by social norms quite different than the ones I had grown accustomed to in the Chicago suburbs.

Our social norms, beliefs, and values are not universal—they are cultural and societal. Anyone who travels around the world will soon realize that the cultural values of people in different countries and ethnic groups can have different values than where they live. As Americans, we have social norms that are American—and when we teach social rules to autistic individuals, we are teaching American social values. People in other countries have different social values than in America. As Brenda Smith Myles points out in her book The Hidden Curriculum as an example of this, in Italy it is acceptable for mothers and daughters to walk down streets holding hands—but that would be inappropriate in America.

In addition, people with autism are impacted differently in different countries around the world. At an autism conference, I met an autistic woman from India who pointed out that having hypersensitive hearing is a much more major issue among Indian autistic people. She explained that the Bollywood movies shown in America that portray loud gatherings of large, Indian families are realistic, and that the auditory sensitivities in autism turn those gatherings into nightmares for autistic people in India. Likewise, issues that impact autistic people in our country don’t impact other autistic people in other countries.

Social rules exist in every culture and society. Some are spoken, but others are unwritten—something that Dr. Brenda Myles calls the “hidden curriculum.” In her book of the same name, Myles talks about how these rules are not taught to people but people still expect other people to know them. At the same time, it is precisely these unwritten rules that autistic people often struggle with. As a person with autism, I have struggled with understanding many unwritten rules of society—wondering why people have expected me to know them. And many other autistic individuals have as well. The autistic individual Judy Endow talks about her own personal struggles in her presentations and recent book about the hidden curriculum, and gives certain examples of her social mistakes—such as when she realized that an “adult” gift store is not typically a place to go buy a gift for your grandmother, even though she is an adult, and that you are expected to arrive early to a doctor’s appointment yet not to a friend’s house.


Throughout my life, I have tried to understand why it is so many typical people know social rules, and after long hours of thought, I have developed a theory based on the experiences I have had and my autistic friends as to why it is autistic people cannot instinctively pick up social rules the way typical people can. I have lived a lifetime of making many social mistakes, and sometimes upsetting people as a consequence of breaking social norms. I also am very sensitive to other people’s emotions and feel intense guilt over the fact that I have upset many people in my life. These feelings of guilt, combined with a desire to understand myself, compelled me to spend many hours thinking about the underlying causes of my social deficits.

Why? I have spent hours pondering that simple question in my head. Why is it that I seem to fail to understand the social rules, unwritten and written, that other people around me seem to instinctively know with ease? And why is it that I often do not agree with the social rules of my society, and struggle to understand why other people put up with rules that I personally feel are wrong? I have spent a lot of time thinking and pondering answers to these questions. In the process, however, I have comprised a possible theory, or explanation, to explain why the autistic mind struggles to understand social rules.

In this article, I hope to put in words what I have surmised for my own struggle. I hope that this theory can help other people with autism and their families understand the social deficits that impact their daily lives.

I have come to the conclusion that, although unwritten rules may not be written, they are still taught, contrary to what others might say. However, they are not taught verbally or by written instruction—they are taught by reinforced emotions. Typical people in a given culture and subculture all have a basic sense of what makes them comfortable and uncomfortable when they are socializing together, and most people do not want to make other people uncomfortable. And the rules for the neurotypicals in one culture are different than in another—an American neurotypical person has different unwritten rules he or she must follow than a Dutch neurotypical person, for example. Unwritten rules, I have come to believe, emerge based on those mutual feelings of comfort and discomfort. People engage in social behaviors with each other that make them comfortable—and create rules to prohibit things that make people uncomfortable. There is usually a link between what behaviors are inappropriate and what behaviors, if people engage in them, make other people uncomfortable. However, those rules are understood based on mutual understandings of what’s comfortable and what isn’t. A typical person, for example, does not pick their nose when they are with a group of friends because they know that if they do, they’d make their friends uncomfortable. And those people don’t pick their nose when they’re with him or her because, if they did, they would make him or her uncomfortable, and people typically don’t want to make other people uncomfortable.

At the same time, autistic people do not have the same feelings of comfort and discomfort that typical people have. Things that interest autistic people will bore neurotypical people, and things that interest neurotypical people bore autistic people. Likewise, many things that make neurotypical people uncomfortable, such as inappropriate behaviors or conversation topics, do not make autistic people uncomfortable. Throughout my life, I have noticed is that whenever I break a social rule or do something inappropriate, I may make other people around me uncomfortable and/or upset but do not make myself uncomfortable and/or upset. At the same time, when I am with my autistic friends, we will routinely discuss and engage in behaviors that would make many neurotypical people uncomfortable.

I’ll never forget the day I was told by my mother that I offended people by picking my nose. Such an idea shocked me, as I had never experienced a similar feeling myself when people picked their noise in front of me. I was at a public skating rink when my mother explained this to me, watching my sister at a skating lesson. I then spent the entire time suffering when my cheek started to itch, scared that I would offend people if I scratched it. I was shocked to find out that it was okay to scratch my cheek even though I could pick my nose, and it did not make sense—why is one action offensive when the other is not? To my autistic brain, both actions fall under the same category, and although I now know the rule—to this day, I have no feelings of discomfort when people pick their nose in front of me.

This is something very important for people without autism to understand. Although I was able to learn the rule against nose picking, I was not able to understand it instinctively. Why? Because my autistic brain does not share the same discomfort regarding nose picking that is shared by neurotypical people. And the fact is, no matter how much I learn and understand about how the neurotypical world, I will always be autistic inside. I have never felt that discomfort that neurotypical people have told me they feel when people pick their nose in front of them. And because autistic people do not have the ability to read social cues and facial expressions the way neurotypical people do, autistic people are more reliant on verbal instruction for social rules than typical people.

To most autistic people, if they have never felt discomfort that emerges when a social rule is broken, they cannot automatically assume that they are making other people uncomfortable when they break that social rule. Put it another way, if you have never felt uncomfortable when someone breaks a social rule in front of you, how would you automatically assume that you are making someone else uncomfortable when you break that rule? In my opinion, this is why many autistic people cannot understand unwritten rules instinctively—the same discomfort that neurotypical people feel and instinctively know that compels them not to break those rules does not exist among autistic people.

It is possible for those same autistic people to learn if they are at a functioning level that enables them to do so—but they often must be taught. At the same time, autistic people often cannot read the nonverbal cues that neurotypicals can that help them understand if other people are uncomfortable—therefore, autistic people have to rely more on verbal instruction for social skills understanding. But sadly, not every person gives them the verbal instruction autistic people need, expecting them to know rules that they just don’t.

Autistic people routinely mesh with social rules, written and unwritten, in society. However, although there are many different types of run-ins that autistic people have with social codes, I have concluded that there are two main challenges that autistic people face when functioning within our culture’s social rules.

First, autistic people just don’t understand the reason, the rhyme, or the nature of certain social rules. Autistic people do have social deficits, and their brains cannot always understand the social complexity that governs our social world. Socializing can sometimes take a lot of mental brainpower, and many autistic individuals I know have to take breaks from socializing, even when they are with friends. For example, Dr. Tony Atwood has discussed that many autistic people often find that they relate better to their opposite gender. Not all autistic individuals experience this (as every autistic individual is different), but some do. This can work both ways, however--many girls with autism find that they are just not able to understand and function within the complex social world of their non-autistic female counterparts, a world of social complexity that has been popularized by movies such as “Mean Girls,” “Sleepover,” and “Clueless,” and often find that they get along better with boys as a result, viewing their social world to be less complex. At the same time, many autistic boys find that they are often more accepted by girls than other boys, since boys tend to be less accepting of their differences than girls.

Meanwhile, autistic people also are often dependent on being verbally told many social rules, and often feel frustrated that people expect them to know unwritten rules rather than being told them. Why neurotypical people do not always give verbal instruction or are honest enough to tell them when they are breaking social rules boggles the minds of many autistic people. Remember that the social rules that neurotypical people just understand with ease can be hard to understand. Likewise, many autistic savants can instinctively figure out what day of the week a calendar date is on, but many neurotypical people could never perform that skill even if their lives depended on it.

Second, autistic people just don’t understand why certain social rules exist, and can view them as just random, meaningless arbitrary rules, or injustices. Our brains work differently than neurotypical people. We autistic people cannot always understand the reasons behind many social rules the way neurotypical people do. Sometimes this is because, as mentioned above, we do not have the same discomforts that neurotypical people do. For example, we autistic folk cannot always understand why we cannot pick our nose in front of other people, because we sometimes feel no discomfort when people pick their nose in front of us.

At the same time, because our brains think differently, we are often baffled by the reasons why neurotypical people behave the way that we do. For example, we autistic folk often fail to understand why it’s so inappropriate for us to perseverate on a single topic of interest because we do not get bored listening to one person perseverate on something the way typical people do. I have also experienced personally that when I associate with autistic people, we will often bond and discuss subjects that many people without autism would find very uncomfortable discussing. 

Making these conclusions and formulating this theory has helped me understand, for myself, the reasons why I have not been able to always follow social skills properly in social settings. Obviously, this does not apply to all individuals with autism—nothing does. But this is why I feel I have struggled with social issues in my life, and possibly this may be how some other individuals with autism feel as well.



Thankyou James William for describing the health problems you have had.
That pretty much sums it up for all of mine too - including a daughter that does not have autism in the least - but she does have bipolar.

hymocysteines Hmmmm - we will have to look into that one.

I am afraid to pray to God for anything other than heatlh. I am being silly, I know -- I enjoy my young adults living with me - we are a good family and help one another, but I do so worry that they are missing out on a mate and family of their own.
Sometimes I pray to send them a mate - but only if they will be good to them and make them happy.

Perhaps that is asking too much.

Cherry Sperlin Misra

To aspieshouldnobetter, This approach to autistic intelligence could be true, providing autistic kids are extraterrestrials.Now, Im surprised that the medical -pharma cartel has not thought of that possibility in their efforts to delay, deny and distract the public's attention from the epidemic which they have created.

Cherry Sperlin Misra

Tired Mom is right in one way - In my opinion, the people who have created the autism epidemic are masters at covering up the severity of autism by keeping Aspies front and center. It is very easy to believe that autism is simply a psychological problem when you look at Aspies. Athough the cause may be the same, it seems to me that it is best to have a different name for Aspergers, and not to lump it with what we might call something like Severe Autism. But that is part of the game of the Cartel of autism-creators- sew plenty of confusion.
But what we need to do is to not quarrel with the Aspies, but instead educate them. Remember that many of them are young people . Twenty or thirty years down the line some of them are going to think back and look at things differently. People like TiredMom can help by letting people know about their situation.
To James, I find your comments extremely interesting. I think it would be nice if you write a longer article putting everything together- social deficits and physical symptoms and your experiences. and by the way, if mercury could make little paw prints on your pages - you would see it.

James Williams

My response to some of the other comments...

Although I see that people have tried to defend me over an attack by Tiredmom, I do not feel offended by what Tiredmom has to say. Anytime any person writes anything and posts it, they are bound to have a diverse array of responses.

However, I also believe it is unfair to automatically assume my entire experience of autism based on a single article I have written that talks about issues with social problems. And in fact, I have actually had a lot more issues in my life than social issues, which I shall share to everyone:

When I was 18 months, I myself suffered a language and behavior digression. I did not regain full fluency of language until the age of 6, after many early interventions and countless therapies.

From age 3 to around age 5, I suffered a massive chronic sinus infection, known as sinusitis, where I lost my ability to breathe through my nose, and had to undergo a surgery to remove my adenoids, which it turns out were clogging my nose.

From age 5 to age 7, I woke up each day with a daily migraine headache. No one knew what caused those headaches until we discovered that I had a gluten allergy, and that if I ate gluten, I would get those headaches. I then removed gluten from my diet and my migraine headaches disappeared. I have been gluten free for the rest of my life.

When I was 11 years old, I suffered a massive autoimmune collapse where my digestive system shut down, I lost almost 40 pounds, nearly starved to death, and became semi-schizophrenic, possibly caused by my Hepatitis vaccincations I was required to receive during the 5th grade. I was ill for 10 months before I finally recovered.

At the age of 20, I went to a cardiologist to get a random EKG and it was discovered that I had elevated homocystene due to the high stress levels of my autism despite having normal blood pressure and healthy levels of cholestorol, and that thes elevated levels would possibly cause a heart attack in the future. I now take regular supplements to lower my homocystene to try to prevent this from happening.

And throughout my life I have had to cope with acid reflux and a compromised immune system that results in the reality of the fact that it takes longer for me to recover from diseases I receive, such as a cold or flu, than most other people.

The fact is, autism is both a psychological AND a physical disorder. My body has had routine bouts of biomedical illnesses due to my autism, and ALL of these things contributed to my autism diagnosis. I personally do not see this as an "either-or" issue--autism can produce illness and cause the issues that Tigermom mentioned, AND it also results in a person with autism thinking differently and having the ability to see the world differently.

James Williams

As the author of this article, thank you all for your comments. I shall respond to several that I feel are appropriate to respond to.

Angus--what you described is precisely the point I am making. Many people with autism feel no discomfort doing things that would bother others, and this, coupled with not being able to understand how other people think, results in them not refraining from doing things that embarass others, such as the example you mentioned. Keep in mind that this is in fact a double whammy for a person with autism, as they not only have to refrain from something that doesn't bother them at all, but they also lack the ability to understand why what they are doing is bothering other people.

Jeanette--your experience with your daughter is not uncommon. Although many autistic individuals often have social differences, the way they react to them vary, and autistic people vary in their social interest. Some autistic people do not have much social interest, whereas others do. Your daughter seems to have a strong desire to socialize regardless of her social issues. At the same time, other autistic people have social issues AND no desire to socialize. Sadly, however, we often associate the lack of social interest with autism, not realizing that there are "introverted" and "extroverted" autistic people. The autistic individual Dena Gassner points out that, at the Autism Society of America's annual conference each year, both introverted and extrovered individuals with autism attend, and the extroverts can sometimes intimidate the introverts.

Madvocate--Although I did not read the initial attack from Tiredmom, I would like to remind everyone that this article is about social issues, not about the neurodiversity movement or whether or not autism should be cured. Sadly, however, the neurodiversity movement has resulted in many people stereotyping ALL individuals with autism as not wanting to cured, which is truly not the case. The fact is, people with autism have social issues regardless of whether or not they should be cured.

The following article was about my own journey of self discovery and helping myself understand the possible reasons behind my social deficits. And please note that I do NOT believe that this applies to all people with autism, as is shown by the title, which states that there are "possible explanations," not "absolute explanations."

(Part 1 of 2)

A Tired  Dad

I totally understand where Tiredmom is coming from.
My boy sounds similar to her child.

I am tired of seeing the poster-child for 'Autism' as some quirky kid with a big smile with Aspergers.

I am tired of picking up a book with the title 'Autism' only to find it is all about Aspergers kids.

I am tired of my local 'Autism' group walks for awareness being full of Asperger kids. Meanwhile we arrive late because we have to clean the shit off the walls again.

I am tired of seeing 'Autism' seminars and conferences advertised but when I check the topics they are 90% Aspergers issues being discussed.

I am tired of psychologists thinking they know more than I do about 'Autism' because they think it is a 'behavioural' disorder.

I am tired of being told that special diets, vitamins and chelation, etc, are dangerous for my child.

I am tired of being told Autism is genetic. (You can't have a genetic epidemic).

My boy was vaccine damaged and is non-verbal. He should be (and no doubt Tiredmom's child should be) the poster-boys that society thinks of when they think 'Autism.'

I bet Big Pharma and the medical establishment love it that all the 'autism awareness' nonsense has society thinking of the quirky kid and not some child with serious medical issues.

My nephew has Aspergers. He is a quirky kid but he can speak and read and write and has a future. Perhaps his choices are fewer than a neurotypical boy but he still will have plenty of choices.

Choices? Not so for my boy and Tiredmom's boy. Our boys will need our 24 hour care for the rest of our lives and then I expect their siblings will take over.

Bring on DSM 5 and break up the 'spectrum.'
Everything else in the present DSM 4 is its own disorder. Why must we have this spectrum?

I know some of you will respond that Big Pharma and the medical establishment want this to happen so they can play down the incidence rates (and I totally agree they are desperate to do so), but why not just add together the numbers of boys like mine and the quirky kids to get the same 1 in 88 we have now.

I could go on and on but right now my boy is punching himself in the head and there is shit to clean from the walls.

Hang in there Tired Mom - From a Tired Dad.

Angus Files

Our son has no validity of other people’s feelings what so ever. If he wants to have a pee he will ..were ever you are ..if he wants to do anything!! he will just do it !wherever we are. Saying that we laugh when we look back as he is a comic in himself!!

Sad to say that the docs that are failing him mirror the image of the doctors who once said in a Tobacco ad not that long ago "Most Doctors Smoke Camel" nothing has changed and the kids are left to languish in the disease they so ..have in guts and elsewhere but all the time it is put down to mental problems. NOT TRUE..I thought we had moved on


Jeannette Bishop

Thank you for your insights. I'm not sure I could validly claim an understanding of the spectrum, just quite a lot of experience not understanding social expectations or not really being able to rise to such expectations in real-time.

In some ways, my daughter on the spectrum has an advantage over me. Her overpowering enthusiasm at being included and even in just being around people is so contagious and opens up most people's hearts. Either she has not had much negative experience or perhaps awareness of such experience to discourage her, or she has a sort of resilience I haven't had.

This enthusiasm she retains is the only bright spot for me with her disability. I want to help her to be independent, restored in abilities that I believe have been taken from her if possible, but I do worry that greater functionality and perhaps awareness may cause her greater distress. Is it worth it? I think more discussion such as you bring can help guarantee the answer is positive. Thanks again.

Jennifer Horne-Roberts

This is a great and very helpful analysis and insight.

Thanks James

Keith and Jennie, parents of Harry Horne-Roberts ASD RIP.


The comments from aspieshouldnobetter are perfect examples of the grandiose neurodiverse b.s. that's so infuriating to parents, and that causes all aspies (including James) to pay for the sins of the nd's.

aspieshouldnobetter's completely ridiculous explanation of tired mom's non-verbal, self-injuring, screaming son:

"You are just missing realtime information about your child's supra-human experience of his environment. ... Your child is not below normal he is far outside or above normal to the extent his experience cannot be described or understood by the neurotypical perspective."

Crazy as this sounds, this thinking has infiltrated the IACC and we need to TAKE ACTION or it's going to get worse, and we'll end up with 8 ND's on the IACC spouting this garbage.


Dear TiredMom,
Believe it or not, I understand your frustration & can relate. I also sympathize w/ your pain & encourage you to explore biomedical interventions for your son if you haven't done so yet. However, I truly appreciate the perspective the author is sharing here even though my own experience w/ autism has been vastly different. His life's experience and self evaluations help me (a neurotypical person) better understand my kid a little better. Please don't assume that his journey has been less difficult than yours. Best of luck to you.


Thank you James. This information is very helpful. I'm glad to see some voices here at A of A from people on The Spectrum.


Nice explanation of your experiences, James. I went on your website and found more ueful information. I think Tired Mom would be surprised to learn you had no useful language until your AIT therapy.

The angry attack from TiredMom was probably triggered by the "anti-cure" propaganda the neurodiversity movement has generated and which they now bring to the IACC with 4 (FOUR!) places on this federal committe. In Facebook and other places online, I occasionally see parents attacking people with Aspergers because they think all of them must be ND's (neurodiverse proponents). It's truly ironic because the ND's think the answer is just greater acceptance, and all they're creating is anger towards everyone with Aspergers - of which they are a very small minority. (Anyone ever meet an ND in their local community? Me neither.)


Thank you for this Mr. Williams. It is very helpful. Dear Tiredmom, I am so sorry for you and your son and please don't take your anger out on this writer. He used a very concrete, easy to understand and relate-to example to illustrate the points he wanted to make. Please do not confuse that simple example with the person or the degree of disability.


Dear Tiredmom:

Autistic behaviors are not symptomatic of some individual deficit or disorder. These behaviors are emergent of the autistic's capacity to experience a social environment that is incapable of recognizing any capacity outside of normal human understanding. What is going on with you child is not your fault. You are just missing realtime information about your child's supra-human experience of his environment. Your child is not normal and normal is not all it is cracked up to be. Your child is not below normal he is far outside or above normal to the extent his experience cannot be described or understood by the neurotypical perspective.



When my son regressed into autism he was low-functioning enough for the professionals to tell us to "think institutionalization". Thanks to every therapy we implemented and that he responded as he did, he is in a mainstream class with some support. He still has issues with anxiety and social issues. He still has the label of autism. It is too early to know how independent he will be as some of his anxieties may prevent him from being able to function out in the working world.

I understand your frustration but I think you are out of line for blaming James for the label he has been given. I can't speak for James but I can tell you that my son didn't ask for his label anymore than he asked for the vaccine injury that got him that label. And your comment that milder ones are "stealing" from the more severe, well, is a comment I hope you now regret. No matter where one is on the spectrum, if they can't function and be a contributing member of society, they aren't a contributing member of society. As a parent even though my child has made progress, and although the fears have changed, I am still fearful for my child's future. Please in future, make sure you direct your anger at the appropriate people and not the victims of this epidemic.


While I am sorry you have these struggles I cannot relate what you are talking to in any way to my son who would be described as having severe autism. When he first regressed and we read about autism we read that the salient feature was lack of social understanding. Through the years we have failed to see this characteristic in him. He seems to understand the complexities of social interaction just fine, maybe better than average.

My son screams and moans and punches himself to the point of bruises. He cannot talk and when I try to get him to touch a keyboard he reacts so badly you would think it was made of fire. All this behavior is not because he does not understand the social mores of our culture or because nobody has told him that it is wrong, or because he thinks differently than the rest of us. All this is because HIS BODY IS ILL!

He is nothing like you!!! Which begs the question: Why are you both being given the same label: Autism? What the two of you have is as different as skin rash and cancer, as different as depression and heart disease.

So there are people like you who have a voice and can advocate for services and understanding of YOUR disorder while my son and I sit at home waiting for a miracle. It is because of people like you whining that autism is kept in the educational/psychological realm and so little useful medical research happens. There are tons of social skills groups in our area but no services appropriate for my screaming son. We are extremely isolated and live a life of misery but my son is a wonderful person who deserves so much more.

Lots of children pick their nose and have to be told to stop. It seems that you know that it is socially unacceptable now and if it doesn't gross you out as much as some people, whoop-te-doo! It doesn't mean you need a medical diagnosis. (Since this is the only concrete example you provided, this is all I can comment on)

I don't mean to attack you and I know that people with Aspergers' have difficult social struggles but it just seems that the problems you are describing are so mundane compared to what my son is going through. Really, there should be two different labels. These are two different disorders, two different causes and at this point, the milder one is stealing from the other.


Thank you so much for sharing your perspective. I'm going to print this out and include it with my son's IEP.


excellent information, my son is 14 and struggles with some of these social norms, this is valuable insight little talked about. candace


Autistics do not utilize the same neurological processor as
neurotypicals. The neurotypical processor perpetually seeks
confirmation of, or detects deviations from, its previously stored
informational content. Neurotypical intelligence consistently
self-references and projects the informational content stored in its
brain to alter or manipulate the external environment. In addition,
it assimilates information that has been previously collected and
stored in the socio-cultural environment to serve its internal
perception and definition of reality. Strictly speaking internalized
informational content is not intelligence. The internal processing
and external articulation of informational content represents the
minimum expression of human potential, and yet is considered the
highest expression of individual neurotypical intelligence.

Despite attempts to categorize it as such, autistic intelligence is
not an aspect of neurotypical intelligence. The neurotypical
processor is a self-referential intelligence – that is, it relies on
previously stored and internalized informational content to create an
illusion of linear progress inside what is actually a circular process
of its self-reinforcing capacity to validate understanding as its
highest expressions of intelligence.

Neurotypical intelligence has no individual capacity for direct
observations of macro quantum phenomena (i.e., phenomena that exist on
a grander scale than the individual neurotypical can comprehend). It
is not an observational capacity, as contrasted with autistic
intelligence and its direct experience of quantum dynamics. Rather
than simply observing the dynamic nature of external events as an
objective “camera,” observing things for how they dynamically function
or how they actually exist, the neurotypical intelligence observes
ontologically, egocentrically, as if it were the center of its own
reality, both consciously and unconsciously, qualitatively assessing
the environment for relevance, application, or meaning to its own

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